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Published on 19 Dec 2015 | Category : Shia scholars

Martyr Ayatollah Mohammad Mofatteh

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Dr. Mohammad Mofatteh was born to a clergy family in Hamadan in 1928. Having acquired the preliminaries, he departed for Qom to use the presence of such grand figures as Allameh Tabatabee and Imam Khomeini and became a prominent teacher in the seminary. While a great teacher in Qom Seminary, he entered university and continued his studies till he received his Ph. D. Well understanding the imperial plot to separate academic and clergy classes, Martyr Mofatteh dedicated most of his efforts to make unity between these two significant layers of the society and besides teaching and training young pupils, he engaged in struggle with Pahlavi Regime. His speeches in 1961-63 had a prominent role in clarification of the aspirations of the Islamic movement and revelation of the true face of the regime, resulting in his being arrested and tortured by SAVAK. His popularity and acceptability among seminary and school students caused him to be expelled from school and sent into exile in 1968. After return from exile, he was banned to enter Qom and so, inhabited in Tehran and began teaching in Faculty of Theology and became the Prayer Imam of the university’s mosque upon the request of Islamic Society of Students. His lectures in the mosque had a prominent role in making educated and intellectual classes interested in Islam. He was also engaged in struggle and scientific activities in Hosseinieh Ershad and with its being suspended by SAVAK he accepted Prayer Imamate of Javid Mosque, where he gathered another group of students and intellectuals around himself. in December 1974 the mosque was trespassed by SAVAK and Dr. Mofatteh was comprehended and imprisoned. His Eid ul-Fitr Prayer in Qeitarieh, Tehran, in 1978 which was unprecedentedly welcomed by people is marked as a shining point in the history of the Islamic Revolution. In his sermons, he daringly named Imam Khomeini’s name and confirmed his leadership. Moreover, he called September 7 the day to commemorate the memory of the martyrs of the movement which set the scene for anti-Regime protesting rally of September 8 and subsequent massacre of “Black Friday”. Martyr Mofatteh joined Revolution Council upon its formation by a decree from Imam Khomeini. Eventually, he was assassinated by Forqan terrorist group on December 18, 1979, in his way to Faculty of Theology. Thanks to his efforts and endeavors for realization of unity between seminary and university his martyrdom day was credited the Day of Unity between Clergies and Students.

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