Martyr Qarani was born in 1913 and began his anti-Pahlavi activities from the early days of his employment in the army. In 1958, he plotted a coup against the regime accompanied by his colleagues, but it was disclosed and Qarani was sentenced to a 3-year imprisonment. Subsequent to the victory of the Islamic Revolution, Lieutenant General Qarani was appointed as the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. While some political groups called for dissolution of the army under the pretext of the previous state of the imperial army, Qarani undertook the management of the army commanded by Imam Khomeini. On February 13, 1979, he attended the Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and addressed the audience, “It was believed that the Imperial Army was one of the most equipped armies of the world, and maybe it was in terms of the equipment, but since it lacked faith in God, it was vanquished within some hours. The army men must be, first of all, faithful and then aspire securing the independence of the country and not supporting a specific individual.” His activities irritated leftist and hypocrite groups so as caused them to capture Sanandaj garrison, but they encountered Qarani’s stiff resistance. These events created some tensions and oppositions and the aforementioned groups tried to persuade, through negative propagations, the interim government to dismiss him, the proceedings that bore fruit on March 26, 1979, when the Prime Minister of the interim government Mehdi Bazargan dismissed him from his post as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Lieutenant General Qarani was assassinated on April 23, 1979, in his house by some terrorists from Forqan subversive group.