Dubious demise of Imam Khomeini’s son Ayatollah Seyyed Mustafa Khomeini in October 1977 can be considered a milestone in the Islamic movement of Iranian people. Various commemorations were held all over the world which turned into widespread demonstrations against the regime. So, the regime resorted to sacrilege of Imam Khomeini to deface him as the leader of the movement.
In the early January 1978, the court’s courier delivered a sealed letter from the court to Dariush Homayoon, the then Minister of Information and Tourism. He, in his turn, sent the letter to Ettelaat newspaper to be published. The newspaper’s concessionaire Masoudi knew that the content of the article would provoke the clerics’ reaction and be dangerous for the future of the newspaper, but during his contact with the Prime Minister Amouzegar perceived that some pungent and provocative contents of the article had been included by the Shah’s decree. Written under the pseudonym of Ahmad Rashidi-Motlagh, the article openly introduced hijab as the symbol of obscurantism and reaction, insulted Imam Khomeini and called the Uprising of 5 June 1963 the conspiracy of “the Red and Black Colonialism.” The first reactions against the article raised in Qom. Teachers of Qom Seminary closed their classes on January 8. The Seminary students formed a great gathering and launched a protesting rally towards the domiciles of Qom Marjas where some clerics and Marjas delivered speeches on support for Imam Khomeini and condemnation of sacrilege of him. Inspired by the Seminary, merchants of Qom decided to close their shops in the following day. On January 9, SAVAK and Police forces concentrated around theological schools. Different layers of people roaringly moved towards the domiciles of the grand teachers of the Seminary. Upon seeing the great movement of people, the regime mercenaries decided to open fire at them, leaving many martyred and injured.
The Aftermaths of the Uprising
A) The hollowness of open political atmosphere was revealed.
B) It was shown that the Shah feared religious-political movement of people led by clergies, at the head of them Imam Khomeini, more than any other political movement.
C) The movement found its right path so that the subsequent tricks of the regime became a failure.
D) The advocates of the separation of religion and politics were isolated.
Anyway, the uprising must be considered a milestone in the history of Iranian Islamic movement, because thereafter the waves of Islamic Revolution were reinforced and hold of repeated fortieth day ceremonies in different cities extended it to all parts of the country and eventually paved the way for collapse of Pahlavi Regime.