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Published on 28 Jan 2016 | Category : Shia scholars

The Great Mystic Ayatollah Sayyed Ali Qazi Tabatabei

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Born
Al-Hajj Mirza Sayyid Ali Agha al-Qadi was born in the city of Tabriz on the 13th of the month of Thil-Hijja of 1282 A.H/1866 or 1869 A.D. in Tabriz, Iran.

 

Education
Having finished his preparatory study, he was tutored by his father, the late Hajj Sayyid Husayn al-Qadi. Then he attended the lectures of the late Mirza Musa al-Tabrizi, author of the book titled Hashiyat al-Rasaail. He also attended the classes of Mirza Muhamamd Ali al-Qaraj Daghi and completed the classes in Arab and Persian literature of the famous poet Mirza Muhammad Taqi al-Tabrizi who is known as “Hujjatul Islam” and the one given the title “Nir”. He quoted many poetic verses by him in both Arabic and Persian languages.

 

His Migration to Najaf
Then he migrated to the city of al-Najaf al-Ashraf and was honored to reside in it in 1308 A.H. when he was then 26 years old. In the city of Najaf, he was taught by these Ayatullahs: Fadil al-Sharabyani, Sheikh Muhammad Hasan al-Mamqani, Sheikh Shari’at, Akhund al-Khurasani and al-Hajj Mirza Husayn al-Khalili.

 

Sayyid al-Qadi was one of the most respected of the students of al-Hajj Mirza al-Khalili. He also studied in his presence the cultivation of manners. Sayyid al-Qadi was a Gnostic, a faqih, and a man of a great stature. He also had some miracles and revelations. Allama Sheikh Agha Buzurg al-Tehran wrote the following lines in his book Tabaqat A’lam al-Shi’a in his biography: “Sayyid Ali Agha Tabatabai Tabrizi al-Qadi, son of Mirza Husayn son of Mirza Ahmad son of Mirza Raheem, is a scholar, a mujtahid, a man of piety and asceticism. I befriended him and kept him company for scores of years, and I found stability in his style, youth in his nature and attributes, generosity in his own self and in his nature. He wrote an exegesis of the Qur’an which starts from the beginning of the Qur’an and ends with the ninety-second verse of Surat al-An’am: ‘Say: Allah, then leave them in their wading sporting'”.

 

Students
Several of the top ranking ‘ulama and maraje of the last generation were his students, including: Grand Ayatullah Behjat (may Allah prolong his life), Grand Ayatullah Zanjani (may Allah prolong his life), Grand Ayatullah Khui (R.A.), Grand Ayatullah Najafi Mar’ashi (R.A.), Grand Ayatullah Hadi Milani (R.A.), Allamah Tabatabai (R.A.), Shahide Mehrab Ayatullah Dasteghayb (R.A.), Sayyid Hashim Haddad (R.A.) and many others.

 

His Extraordinary Abilities
Ayatullah Qadhi was a man of exceptional abilities – many times his illustrious students would describe their memories of the wondrous acts they witnessed in his blessed presence. The contemporary scholar and student of Ayatullah Khui, Ustad Fatimi Niya, relates the following incident:
In the days when Ayatullah Qadhi was in Najaf, Ayatullah Khui came to him and requested, “I would like you to instruct me in some matters.” He (Aytullah Khui) probably meant ‘irfan and Divine gnosis and Spiritual Exercises. Agha Qadhi gave him some special spiritual instructions which Ayatullah Khui faithfully followed. Then one night in the blessed Month of Ramadhan, Aytullah Khui visited his illustrious teacher, Aytullah Qadhi, who showed him (Aytullah Khui) a vision of his future. Suddenly, Aytullah Khui saw a man who resembled himself, appear in front of him; the man slowly began to age until his beard turned white. He saw the man teaching students of hawza at the highest level in the Masjid-e Hindi in Najaf. He saw him beginning to issue edicts (fatawa) and then saw that his treatise of fiqh (risalaye amaliyyah) was printed. After a long time he heard the loudspeakers in the mosque of Kufa announce, “The grand Ayatullah al-Khui has passed away”. When the vision was over, Aytullah Qadhi turned to Aytullah Khui and said, “This was your life, from now till your death. You have a good future; now you may go.”

 

Viewpoints about Him
‘Allama Hasan Zadeh al-Amuli says the following in his regard: “Ayatullah Sayyid al-Qadi was one of the wonders of time.” Then he says, “One of the powerful statements of the late al-Hajj Sayyid Ali al-Qadi is this: ‘If one spends half his life looking for a perfect teacher, he does not make much of an achievement.” Allama Hasan Zadeh quotes `allama Tabatabai saying the following while detailing the biography of Sayyid Ali al-Qadi: “The Sayyid was an amazing man. He nurtured many students and was tutored by many professors. He had very strong revelations, let alone histestimonial and Gnostic perfections, conduct and moral behavior.”

 

Demise
In his latest years of life, Ayatollah Qadi took the illness of polydipsia and passed away on 6 Rabi’ al-Awaal 1366/29 January 1947 and Sayyid Jamal al-din Gulpaygani performed prayer over his body. He was buried in Wadi al-Salam, near the site of seeing Imam Mahdi (a)(Maqam Sahib al-Zaman), beside his father.. He aged 83 years and two months and 21 days.

 

Works

-An incomplete exposition on Du’a al-Samat:

He wrote this book during two last years of his life in Arabic. He could not finish it because of illness. He only could write exposition on one third of the Du’a which was published for the first time in 2005, Tehran. He used to recite this Du’a on the Friday evenings and run sessions for reciting and interpreting this Du’a at his home in Najaf.

 

-Interpretation of the holy Qur’an:

It is the interpretation of the holy Qur’an from the beginning to the 91st verse of Sura al-An’am, apparently there is a volume of which in London.

 

-Tashih wa Tahqiq Irshad (by al-Shaykh al-Mufid):

He completed this book in 1927 at the age of 21. It was published through stone lithography in Tehran.

In addition to Irshad, Qadi has written supplementary notes on some other books such as Rumi’s Mathnawi and Ibn ‘Arabi’s Futuhat, none of which has been published yet.

 

He knew Arabic literature well and composed poems. His Ghadiriyya ode in Arabic which was composed in 1937 is famous. He has composed a Gadiriyya [poem aboutGhadir Khum and guardianship of Imam ‘Ali (a)] in Farsi as well.

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